Understanding the Basics of Commercial Real Estate Litigation in Arizona

Commercial real estate litigation can be a complex and challenging area of law. In the state of Arizona, disputes involving commercial real estate can arise from various issues, such as breach of contract, lease disputes, zoning and land use conflicts, construction defects, and property ownership disputes. Understanding the basics of commercial real estate litigation in Arizona is essential for anyone involved in the industry.

The Role of a Commercial Real Estate Litigation Attorney

A commercial real estate litigation attorney specializes in handling legal disputes related to commercial properties. These attorneys are well-versed in Arizona real estate laws and have extensive experience in representing clients in court. They can provide valuable guidance and representation throughout the litigation process.

When facing a commercial real estate dispute, it is crucial to consult with a qualified attorney who can assess the situation, provide legal advice, and develop a strategic plan to protect your interests. Whether you are a property owner, tenant, developer, or investor, an experienced commercial real estate litigation attorney can help you navigate the complexities of the legal system.

Common Types of Commercial Real Estate Litigation

Commercial real estate litigation can encompass a wide range of disputes. Some of the most common types of litigation in Arizona include:

  1. Breach of Contract: Disputes may arise when one party fails to fulfill their obligations as outlined in a commercial real estate contract. This could involve issues such as non-payment, failure to deliver the property as agreed, or failure to perform necessary repairs.
  2. Lease Disputes: Disagreements between landlords and tenants can occur over issues such as rent increases, lease renewals, property maintenance responsibilities, or tenant improvements.
  3. Zoning and Land Use Conflicts: These disputes often arise when there are disagreements over how a property should be used or developed. They can involve issues such as rezoning, variances, or violations of zoning regulations.
  4. Construction Defects: When a commercial property has construction defects that affect its value or usability, litigation may arise to hold responsible parties accountable for the necessary repairs or compensation.
  5. Property Ownership Disputes: Disagreements over property ownership can arise when there are conflicting claims, boundary disputes, or issues with title transfers.

The Litigation Process

The commercial real estate litigation process in Arizona typically follows a similar structure to other civil litigation cases. It involves the following key stages:

  1. Consultation and Case Evaluation: The first step is to consult with a commercial real estate litigation attorney who will evaluate your case, discuss potential strategies, and provide an estimate of the legal costs involved.
  2. Pre-Litigation Negotiations: In many cases, litigation can be avoided through negotiation and alternative dispute resolution methods. Attorneys will attempt to reach a settlement or resolution before initiating formal legal proceedings.
  3. Filing the Lawsuit: If pre-litigation negotiations fail, the attorney will file a lawsuit on behalf of their client. This involves preparing and filing the necessary legal documents with the appropriate court.
  4. Discovery: During the discovery phase, both parties exchange relevant information and evidence. This may involve written interrogatories, depositions, and requests for production of documents.
  5. Mediation or Arbitration: Many commercial real estate disputes are resolved through mediation or arbitration, which can be less time-consuming and costly compared to a full trial.
  6. Trial: If the dispute cannot be resolved through mediation or arbitration, the case will proceed to trial. Both parties present their arguments and evidence before a judge or jury, who will make a final decision.
  7. Appeals: If either party is dissatisfied with the trial outcome, they may choose to file an appeal to a higher court.


Commercial real estate litigation in Arizona can be a complex and challenging process. Whether you are facing a breach of contract, lease dispute, zoning conflict, construction defect, or property ownership dispute, it is crucial to consult with an experienced commercial real estate litigation attorney. They can guide you through the legal process, protect your interests, and work towards a favorable resolution.